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Back Issues Volumes 25 – 1

Interpretation: A Journal of Political Philosophy, is celebrating over 48 years of thought-provoking analysis, discussion and review.

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Volume 25 Issue 3 (Spring 1998)

The Book of Job: Translation and Commentary on Chapters 32 and 38 by Robert D. Sacks

T. A. M. Fontaine’s Account of Ibn Daud’s The Exalted Faith (Ha ‘Emunah HaRamah) by Terence Kleven

Milton and the Declaration of Independence by John Alvis

Locke’s Second Treatise and the Literature of Colonization by Mark A. Michael

Discussion Two Views of Laurence Lampert’s Leo Strauss and Nietzsche by Lawrence Casse and Charles E. Butterworth


Vindicating the Founders, by Thomas G. West by Christopher Flannery

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Volume 25 Issue 2 (Winter 1998)

The Book of Job: Translation and Commentary on Chapters 30 and 31 by Robert D. Sacks

Philosophy Statesmanship, and Pragmatism in Plato’s Euthydemus by Tucker Landy

Fichte’s Deduction of Rights from Self-Consciousness by Gary B. Herbert


On Catherine Zuckert’s Postmodern Platos and the Strauss-Gadamer Debate by Walter Lammi

Response to Walter Lammi by Catherine Zuckert

Collected Essays, by Ernest L. Fortin by Francis Canavan

Francis Bacon and the Project of Progress, by Robert K. Faulkner by Adam Schulman

Tocqueville’s Civil Religion, by Sanford Kessler by John S. Waggoner

Arguing About Slavery, by William Lee Miller by Scot J. Zentner

De Gaulle, by Daniel J. Mahoney by Will Morrisey

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Volume 25 Issue 1 (Fall 1997)

The Book of Job: Translation and Commentary on Chapters 15-29 by Robert D. Sacks

Poetic Justice for Plato’s Democracy? by Waldemar Hanasz

John Locke and Cultural Relativism by Bob Chase

Anachronism All Around: Quentin Skinner on Francisco Suarez by Thomas S. Schrock

Déjà Jew All Over Again: Dannhauser on Leo Strauss and Atheism by Hilail Gildin


The Character of Modern Republicanism, Review Essay on Revolutions Revisited, by Ralph Lerner; The Spirit of Modern Republicanism and The Ennobling of Democracy, by Thomas L. Pangle; The Learning of Liberty, by Lorraine Smith Pangle and Thomas Pangle; and Natural Rights and the New Republicanism, by Michael Zuckertby by Will Morrisey

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Volume 24 Issue 3 (Spring 1997)

The Book of Job: Translation and Commentary by Robert D. Sacks

‘A Soldier and Afeard’: Macbeth and the Gospelling of Scotland by Paul A. Cantor

Rousseau’s Adventure with Robinson Crusoe by Todd R. Flanders

Prescott’s Conquests: Anthropophagy, Auto-da-Fe and Eternal Return by Colin D. Pearce

The Speech that Changed the World by Harry V. Jaffa


The End of Science, by John Horgan by Alex Harvey

The Tragedy and Comedy of Life: Plato’s Philebus, by Seth Benardete by Will Morrisey

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Volume 24 Issue 2 (Winter 1997)

The Book of Job: Translation and Commentary by Robert D. Sacks

Aristotle on Pleasure and Political Philosophy: A Study in Book VII of the Nicomachean Ethics by Marc D. Guerra

Lessons from the Garden: Rousseau’s Solitaires and the Limits of Liberalism by Mark S. Cladis

Nietzsche’s Impatience: The Spiritual Necessities of Nietzsche’s Politics by Thomas Heilke


Profits, Priests, and Princes: Adam Smith’s Emancipation of Economics from Politics and Religion, by Peter Minowitz by Eduardo A. Velásquez

Something to Hide, by Peter Levine by Charles E. Butterworth

Jerusalem and Athens: Reason and Revelation in the Works of Leo Strauss, by Susan Orr by Will Morrisey

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Volume 24 Issue 1 (Fall 1996)

An Untitled Lecture on Plato’s Euthyphron by Leo Strauss

The Specificity and Autonomy of Right by Alexandre Kojève, Translated and with an Introduction by Bryan-Paul Frost and Robert Howse

An Overlooked Motive in Alcibiades’ Symposium Speech by Gary Alan Scott and William A. Welton

The Problematic Character of Socrates’ Defense of Justice in Plato’s Republic by In Ha Jang


Erotic Liberalism: Women and Revolution in Montesquieu’s Persian Letters, by Diana J. Schaub by Will Morrisey

Political Philosophy or Self-Knowledge? Comments on Glossarium: Aufzeichnungen der Jahre 1947-1951, by Carl Schmitt, and Die Lehre Carl Schmitts: Vier Kapitel zur Unterscheidung Politischer Theologie und Politischer Philosophie, by Heinrich Meierby Harry Neumann

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Volume 23 Issue 3 (Spring 1996)

How to Study Medieval Philosophy
by Leo Strauss; edited by David Bolotin, Christopher Bruell, and Thomas L. Pangle

The Book of Judges: The Israelite Tribal Federation and Its Discontents by Daniel J. Elazar

Liberating Discourse: The Politics of Truth in Plato’s Gorgias by Chris Rocco

Harris, Strauss, and Esotericism in Spinoza’s Tractatus Theologico-Politicus
by Paul J. Bagley

Rousseau’s Philosophic Dream by Christopher Kelly

Allan Bloom and Thomas Aquinas on Eros and Immortality by Michael Sweeney


Natural Right in the American Founding, Review Essay on Original Intent and the Framers of the Constitution: A Disputed Question, by Harry V. Jaffa by Edward J. Erler

Plato’s World: Man’s Place in the Cosmos, by Joseph Cropsey by Catherine Zuckert

The Republic of Letters: The Correspondence between Jefferson and Madison, 1776-1826, edited by James Morton Smith by Morton J. Frisch

Modernity, Aesthetics, and the Quest for Political Consensus, Review of Homo Aestheticus: The Invention of Taste in the Democratic Age, by Luc Ferry by Brian C. Anderson

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Volume 23 Issue 2 (Winter 1996)

The Origins of Political Science and the Problem of Socrates  by Leo Strauss

Antiquing America: Ancient and Modern Republicanism Revisited  by Thomas K. Lindsay

Moby-Dick and Melville’s Quarrel with America  by John Alvis

Descartes Contra Averroes? The Problem of Faith and Reason in the Letter of Dedication to the Meditations  by Abraham Anderson

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Volume 23 Issue 1 (Fall 1995)

The Fabric of the Longer Repeated Passages in the Odyssey by John C. Kohl, Jr.

The Sage and the Sophist: A Commentary on Plato’s Lesser Hippias by John R. Pottenger

Immanuel Kant: Punishment and the Political Precondition of Moral Existence by Gary B. Herbert

Discussion: Political Theology? An Interpretation of Genesis (3:5, 22) by Harry Neumann


Thirty-nine Reasons for Reading Benardete on the Republic, Review Essay on Socrates’ Second Sailing, by Seth Benardete by Will Morrisey

Gendered Origins: Some Reflections, Review Essay on Fear of Diversity, by Arlene Saxonhouse by Maureen Feder-Marcus

Statesmanship for the New Era, Review Essay on Traditions and Values in Politics and Diplomacy, by Kenneth Thompson by David Clinton

The Public and the Private in Aristotle’s Political Philosophy, by Judith A. Swanson by Ken Masugi

Black Holes & Time Warps, by Kip S. Thorne by Alexander L. Harvey

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Volume 22 Issue 3 (Spring 1995)

Two Lectures by Leo Strauss Edited by David Bolotin, Christopher Bruell, Thomas L. Pangle

Plato’s Alcibiades I by Mark Blitz

Aristotle on Tragedy: Rediscovering the Poetics by Jacob A. Howland

Discussion: Aristotle on Detective Fiction by Dorothy L. Sayers


Modern Man and Man Tout Court: The Flight from Nature and the Modern Difference, Review Essay on La Cité de l’homme, by Pierre Manent by Daniel J. Mahoney

Popular Government and Effective Government, Review Essay on The Effective Republic, by Harvey Flaumenhaft, and Alexander Hamilton and the Political Order, by Morton J. Frisch by Peter McNamara

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Volume 22 Issue 2 (Winter 1994-95)

The Cultural Predicament in Biblical Narrative by Yuval Lurie

Whip, Whipped and Doctors: Homer’s Iliad and Camus’ The Plague by Paula Reiner

Design in the Iliad Based on the Long Repeated Passages by John C. Kohl, Jr.

The Political Philosophy of Aeschylus’s Prometheus Boundby Judith A. Swanson

Pascal on Certainty and Utility by John C. McCarthy

Discussion Strengthening Social Contract Theory: Justice and Modern Moral Philosophy, by Jeffrey Reiman by Will Morrisey


A Companion to Aristotle’s “Politics,” edited by David Keyt and Fred D. Miller, Jr. by Leslie G. Rubin

The World of the Imagination: Sum and Substance, by Eva T. H. Brann by Will Morrisey

Possibility, Necessity, and Existence: Abbagnano and His Predecessors, by Nino Langiulli by Robert Sokolowski

The American Presidency: Origins and Development, 1776-1990, by Sidney M. Milkis and Michael Nelson by Stephen M. Krason

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Volume 22 Issue 1 (Fall 1994)

Bacon’s New Atlantis: The Christian Hope and the Modern Hope by David C. Innes

Equality, Property, and the Problem of Partisanship: The Lockean Constitution as a Mixed Regime by Peter C. Myers

Women in the Novels of Nathaniel Hawthorne by Jeffrey J. Poelvoorde

The Wisdom of Exile: Edward Everett Hale’s ‘The Man without a Country’ by Colin D. Pearce

On Jacob Klein’s Greek Mathematical Thought and the Origin of Algebra by Joseph Gonda

Leo Strauss and Classical Political Philosophy by David Bolotin


Liberalism, by Harry Neumann by Paul A. Basinski

Politics or Terror of Reason: Comments on Paul Basinski’s Review of Liberalism by Harry Neumann

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Volume 21 Issue 3 (Spring 1994)

Aristophanes’ Criticism of Egalitarianism: An Interpretation of The Assembly of Women by Mark Kremer

The Comic Poet, the City, and the Gods: Dionysus’ Katabasis in the Frogs of Aristophanes by Steven Forde

Virtue, Art, and the Good Life in Plato’s Protagoras by Tucker Landy

Deceit, Desire, and the Dialectic: Plato’s Republic Revisited by Nalin Ranasinghe

Reflections on Patriarchy and the Rebellion of Daughters in Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice and Othello by Olivia Delgado de Torres

On Hamlet’s Mousetrap by Alfred Mollin

Wisdom and Fortune: The Education of the Prince in Shakespeare’s King Lear by Joseph Alulis

King Lear by David Lowenthal

John Rawls and the Flight from Authority: The Quest for Equality as an Exercise in Primitivism by Glenn W. Olsen


The Roots of Political Philosophy: Ten Forgotten Socratic Dialogues, edited by Thomas L. Pangle by Will Morrisey

Interpreting Tocqueville’s “Democracy in America,” edited by Ken Masugi by John C. Koritansky

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Volume 21 Issue 2 (Winter 1993-94)

Identifying Rhetoric in the Apology: Does Socrates Use the Appeal for Pity? by Thomas Lewis

Reflections on and in Plato’s Cave by Joel Warren Lidz

Aristotle’s Dialectical Purposes by Bernard Jacobs

Rousseau Under Surveillance: Thoughts on a New Edition and Translation of Rousseau, Judge of Jean-Jacques: Dialogues by Mary L. Bellhouse

Tocqueville on Socialism and History by Peter Augustine Lawler

Carl Schmitt’s Quest for the Political: Theology, Decisionism, and the Concept of the Enemy by Maurice Auerbach

Discussion: The End of History? by Victor Gourevich


Self-Knowledge in Plato’s Phaedrus, by Charles L. Griswold, Jr. by Will Morrisey

Citizens and Statesmen: A Study of Aristotle’s Politics, by Mary P. Nichols by Leslie G. Rubin

The Liberal Political Science of Raymond Aron: A Critical Introduction, by Daniel J. Mahoney by John S. Waggoner

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Volume 21 Issue 1 (Fall 1993)

The Unnamed Fifth: Republic 369d by Carl Page

Socrates on the Decline and Fall of Regimes: Books 8 and 9 of the Republic by Patrick Coby

Gulliver’s Travels: The Stunting of a Philosopher by Richard Burrow


Alf Layla wa Layla, The Arabian Nights, translated by Husain Haddawy by Charles E. Butterworth

The Unvarnished Doctrine: Locke, Liberalism, and the American Revolution, by Steven M. Dworetz by Michael P. Zuckert

Ecology, Community and Lifestyle, by Arne Naess by Charles T. Rubin

An Index to Interpretation, Volumes 11 through 20 by Lucia Broyden Prochnow

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Volume 20 Issue 3 (Spring 1993)

The Book of the Philosophic Life by Abü Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyya al-Razi; Charles E. Butterworth (tr. & introd.)

The Origins of al-Razi’s Political Philosophy by Charles E. Butterworth

Shakespeare’s Demonic Prince by Grant B. Mindle

Shakespeare’s Richard III and the Soul of the Tyrant by Morton J. Frisch

The Problem of Religion in Liberalism by Richard Sherlock & Roger Barrus

Ethnicity and the Problem of Equality by Kenneth C. Blanchard, Jr.

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Volume 20 Issue 2 (Winter 1992-93)

Phaedrus’ Cosmology in the Symposium by Charles Salman

The Images of Enslavement and Incommensurability in Plato’s Meno by Jeffrey S. Turner

Rousseau’s Socratism: The Political Bearing of “On Theatrical Imitation” by Leonard R. Sorenson

The First Crisis of Modernity: Leo Strauss on the Thought of Rousseau by Hilail Gildin

Nietzsche, Spengler, and Politics of Cultural Despair by John Farrenkopf

Tyranny: Ancient and Modern by Leah Bradshaw


Empire of Liberty: The Statecraft of Thomas Jefferson, by Robert W. Tucker and David C. Hendrickson by Will Morrisey

Reading Rousseau in the Nuclear Age, by Grace G. Roosevelt by Christopher Kelly

Political Philosophy, Volume by Luc Ferry by Terence E. Marshall

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Volume 20 Issue 1 (Fall 1992)

A Study of Part I, Chapters 1-7 of Maimonides’ The Guide of the Perplexed by Terence Kleven

Dante and Machiavelli: A Last Word by Larry Peterman

The Empire of Progress: Bacon’s Improvement upon Machiavelli by Robert K. Faulkner


Collingwood’s Embattled Liberalism by James W. Muller

Individuals and Their Rights, by Tibor Machan by Nino Langiulli

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Volume 19 Issue 3 (Spring 1992)

The Education of Cyrus as Xenophon’s “Statesman” by John Ray

Belfagor: Machiavelli’s Short Story by Theodore A. Sumberg

John Locke’s Questions Concerning the Law of Nature: A Commentary by Robert Horwitz; edited by Michael Zuckert

Looking at Carl Schmitt from the Vantage Point of the 1990s by John H. Herz


Aristotle on the Human Good, by Richard Kraut by Aristide Tessitore

Liberal Democracy and Political Science, by James W. Ceaser by Will Morrisey

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Volume 19 Issue 2 (Winter 1991-92)

Freedom and Constraints in Prometheus Bound by Kenneth Dorter

Virtue and Knowledge: On Plato’s Protagoras by Joseph Cropsey

Politics and Poetry: Aristotle’s Politics, Books VII and VIII by Michael Davis

Misunderstanding and Understanding Hume’s Moral Philosophy: An Essay on Hume’s Place in Moral Philosophy, by Nicholas Capaldi by Marie A. Martin

Kojève-Fessard Documents by Hugh Gillis (translator)

The Place of Leo Strauss in a Liberal Education by Glenn N. Schram


Questions Concerning the Law of Nature, by John Locke by Will Morrisey

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Volume 19 Issue 1 (Fall 1991)

Marx on Self-Consciousness, the City and the Gods by Elliot Bartky

William Dean Howells’ ‘Poor Real Life’: The Royal Road to the American Characterby Thomas S. Engeman

The Relation Between Philosophy and Religion by Laurence Berns

Discussion The Tempting of America: The Political Seduction of the Law, by Robert H. Bork by Stanley C. Brubaker, Matthew J. Franck, and Ken Masugi


Winston S. Churchill on Empire, by Kirk Emmert by Will Morrisey

Socrates in the Apology, by C.D.C. Reeve by Patrick Coby

Natural Right and the American Imagination, by Catherine H. Zuckert by Diana Schaub

Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics, by Martin Heidegger by Schawlow

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Volume 18 Issue 3 (Spring 1991)

1668 Appendix to Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes, Translated with an Introduction and Notes by George Wright

Discussion Souls Without Longing by Michael Platt

The Constitution of 1787: A Commentary by George Anastaplo by Timothy Fuller and J. Jackson Barlow

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Volume 18 Issue 2 (Winter 1990-91)

Some Observations About Plato’s Phaedo by Chaninah Maschler

The Serious Play of Plato’s Euthydemus by David Roochnik

The Wisdom of Plato’s Aristophanes by Charles Salman

David Hume’s Theology of Liberation by Roger M. Barrus

Jeffersonian Ethics in Foreign Affairs: John Quincy Adams and the Moral Sentiments of a Realist by Greg Russell

Feminist Theory and Its Discontents by Daryl McGowan Tress

DiscussionReply to Lowenthal by Christopher A. Colmo


Time, Freedom, and the Common Good: An Essay in Public Philosophy, by Charles Sherover by Maureen Feder-Marcus

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Volume 18 Issue 1 (Fall 1990)

Some Remarks on the Political Science of Maimonides and Farabi by Leo Strauss, translated by Robert Bartlett

On Ancients and Moderns by Joseph Cropsey

Rethinking the Diodotean Argument by Laurie M. Johnson

Socrates and Alcibiades: Eros, Piety, and Politics by Jacob A. Howland

Plato’s Three Waves and the Question of Utopia by Drew A. Hyland

Beggars and Kings: Cowardice and Courage in Shakespeare’s Richard II by Pamela K. Jensen

Reason and Revelation in the Thought of Leo Strauss by Christopher A. Colmo

Discussion Comment on Colmo by David Lowenthal


Taming the Prince: The Ambivalence of Modern Executive Power by Harvey C. Mansfield, Jr. by Will Morrisey

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Volume 17 Issue 3 (Spring 1990)

Zarathustra’s Dancing Dialecticby Waller R. Newell

Was Tocqueville a Philosopher?: The Distinctiveness of His View of Libertyby Peter Augustine Lawler

Civil Religion in Tocqueville’s Democracy in Americaby John C. Koritansky

Madison’s Party Press Essaysby Colleen A. Sheehan

Reading Vico Three Times
by Theodore A. Submerge

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Volume 17 Issue 2 (Winter 1989-90)

Nietzsche’s Politics by Leslie Paul Thiele

Rousseau on Reading ‘Jean-Jacques’: The Dialogues by Christopher Kelly and Roger D. Masters

Christianity and Politics in Montesquieu’s Greatness and Decline of the Romans by Richard Myers

Made by Contrivance and Consent of Men: Abstract Principle and Historical Fact in Locke’s Political Philosophy by Govert den Hartogh

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Volume 17 Issue 1 (Fall 1989)

Thomas Aquinas and the Reform of Christian Education by Ernest L. Fortin

The Citizen Philosopher: Rousseau’s Dedicatory Letter to the Discourse on Inequality by Michael Palmer

The Concerns of Odysseus: An Introduction to the Odyssey by David Bolotin

Edmund Burke and the American Constitution by Morton J. Frisch

Seeing Justice Done: Aeschylus’ Oresteia by Mera J. Flaumenhaft

Evolutionary Biology and Naturalism by Roger D. Masters

The Fundamental Constitution of Carolina As a Tool for Lockean Scholarship by Celia McGuiness


On David Johnston by William Mathie

On Ann Hartle by Chanukah Maschler

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Volume 16 Issue 3 (Spring 1989)

Macbeth: Shakespeare Mystery Play by David Lowenthal

Antimodernism in Nineteenth-Century Basle: Franz Overbeck’s Antitheology and J. J. Bachofen’s Antiphilology by Lionel Gossman

Love and Politics in Xenophon’s Cyropaedia by Leslie G. Rubin

Eric Voegelin on the Truth of On-Between Life: A Meditation on Existential Unrest by Greg Russell

Bacon’s Myth of Orpheus: Power as a Goal of Science in Of the Wisdom of the Ancients by Timothy H. Paterson

Gaston Fessard and the Nature of Authority by Hugh Gillis

Tocqueville on Sexual Morality by Sanford Kessler


The Crisis of Liberal Democracy: A Straussian Perspective edited by Kenneth L. Deutsch and Walter Soffer by Will Morrisey

Alexis de Tocqueville: Selected Letters on Politics and Society edited by Roger Boesche and Alexis de Tocqueville and The New Science of Politics by John C. Koritansky by Michael P.Zuckert

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Volume 16 Issue 2 (Winter 1988-89)

On Pleasure and the Human Good: Plato’s Philebus by Joseph Cropsey

Deliberate Belief and Digging Holes: Joseph Conrad and the Problem of Restraint by J.P. Geise & L.A. Lange

The Discourse on the Origin and the Foundations of Inequality among Men: On the Intention of Rousseau’s Most Philosophical Work by Heinrich Meier; translated by J. Harvey Lomax

Mill’s Dilemmas by Frederick J. Crosson

Republic, Book II, and the Origins of Political Philosophy by Drew A. Hyland

Philosophy as Noblest Idolatry in Paradise Lost by John Alvis

Machiavelli’s Castruccio Castracani by Theodore A. Sumberg

Xenophon and his Socrates by Christopher Buell

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Volume 16 Issue 1 (Fall 1988)

Aristotle’s Political Presentation of Socrates in the Nicomachean Ethics by Aristide Tessitore

Rousseau’s Pure State of Nature by Victor Gourevitch

Tocqueville’s Perspective: Democracy in America: In Search of the ‘New Science of Politics’ by Wilhelm Hennis

An Account of Recent Scholarship in Medieval Islamic Philosophy by Charles Butterworth

Discussion: “The Closing of the American Mind”: Five Essay-Reviews of Allan Bloom’s Book

Socratic Reason and Lockean Rights: The Place of the University in a Liberal Democracy by William A. Galston

Humanizing Certitudes and Impoverishing Doubts: A Critique of The Closing of the American Mind by Allan Bloom by Harry V. Jaffa
Philosophy, Science, and the Opening of the American Mind by Roger D. Masters

How Bloom Did It: Rhetoric and Principle in The Closing of the American Mind by Will Morrisey

The Closing of the Philosophic Mind: A Review of Bloom’s Closing of the American Mind by Harry Neumann

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Issues 2 & 3 (May & Sept. 1987)

Man and Nature in Plato’s Phaedo by K.L. Yeager

The Theaetetus and the Possibility of False Opinion by David Bolotin

Tacitus’ Teaching and the Decline of Liberty at Rome (Chapters 3 to 7)< by James C. Leake

Credulity and Curiosity in A Tale of a Tub by Richard Burrow

Pluralism, the Public Good and the Problem of Self-Government in The Federalist by Kenneth L. Grasso

On the Wisdom of Nathan by Chaninah Maschler

Robert H. Horwitz, 1923-1987 by Will Morrisey


The Fate of the Self by Stanley Corngold by Will Morrisey

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Volume 15 Issue 1 (January 1987)

Equality, Liberty, Wisdom, Morality and Consent in the Idea of Political Freedom by Harry V, Jaffa

Socratic Rhetoric and Socratic Wisdom in Plato’s Phaedrus by John C. Koritansky

Tacitus’ Teaching and the Decline of Liberty at Rome (Preface, Introduction, and Chapters 1 and 2) by James C. Leake

Discussion The Moral Foundations of the American Republic by Palmela K. Jensen

Delimiting Philosophy by Will Morrisey

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Issues 2 & 3 (May & Sept. 1986)

The Dramatic End of Plato’s Socrates by Joseph Cropsey

Philosophy, Education, and Courage in Plato’s Laches by Charles Griswold, Jr.

Refutative Rhetoric as True Rhetoric in the Gorgias by Thomas J. Lewis

How to Read the Consolation of Philosophyby Thomas F. Curley III

The Armed Founder versus the Catonic Hero: Machiavelli and Rousseau on Popular Leadership by Joseph Masciulli

Reason and Rhetoric in Hobbes’s Leviathan by William Mathie

Rousseau versus the Savoyard Vicar: The Profession of Faith Considered by Peter Emberley

Alexander Hamilton on Natural Rights and Prudence by Mackubin Thomas Owens, Jr.

Autonomous Morality and the Idea of the Noble by Peter Simpson


Faith and Reason in Contemporary Perspective Apropos of a Recent Book by Ernest L. Fortin

On Eco’s The Name of the Rose by Joseph J. Carpino

Affirmative Action, Liberalism, and Teleology: On Nichoilas Capaldi’s Out of Order by Nino Langiulli

The Most Recent Thinking of Jürgen Habermasby Robert R. Sullivan

Jerusalem versus Athens by Paul Eidelberg How Does the Constitution Secure Rights? Edited by Robert A. Goldwin & William A. Schambraby Will Morrisey

Short Notices: Freedom of Expression by Francis Canavan by Will Morrisey

Philosophical Apprenticeships by Hans-Georg Gadamer by Joan Stambaugh

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Volume 14 Issue 1 (January 1986)

Lessing’s Ernst and Falk, Dialogues for Freemasons: A Translation with Notes by Chaninah Maschler (tr.)

“Exoteric Teaching” edited by Kenneth Hart Green by Leo Strauss

Progress and Commerce in Anglo-American Thought: The Social Philosophy of Adm Ferguson by Ronald Hamowy

S. T. Coleridge Replies to Adam Smith’s ‘Pernicious Opinion’: A Study in Hermetic Social Engineering by David Levy


Shakespeare and His Roman Plays: Studies by Cantor, Platt, and Blits by Will Morrissey

Setting the Seal on Marxist Criticism by Stephen H. Balch

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Volume 13 Issue 3 (September 1985)

Leo Strauss’s Studies in Platonic Political Philosophy by David Lowenthal

Socratic Teaching and Justice: Plato’s Clitophon by Jan H. Blits

Individuation and Commonality in Feuerbach’s “Philosophy of Man” by Kit R. Christensen

John Stuart Mill: The Reformer Reformed by Allan D. Nelson

Appropriation and Understanding in the History of Political Philosophy: On Quentin Skinner’s Method by Michael P. Zuckert


Locke’s Education for Liberty by Nathan Tarcov by J.E. Parsons, Jr.

The Modern Self in Rousseau’s Confession: A Reply to St. Augustine by Ann Hartle by Charles Butterworth

Hume’s Philosophy of Common Life by Donald W. Livingston by Nicholas Capaldi

Selected Letters of Edmund Burke edited and with an introduction by Harvey C. Mansfield, Jr. by Francis Canavan

American Conservatism and the American Founding by Harry V. Jaffa by Dennis Teti

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Volume 13 Issue 2 (May 1985)

Socratic Eironeia by Ronna Burger

Rousseau and the Management of the Passions by Peter Emberley

Virtue and Individual Rights in John Adams’ Defence by Robert Webking

The Meaning of ‘Will’ in Hegel’s Philosophy of Right by Donald J. Maletz

Forward for “The Politics of Alain” by Yves R. Simonby Vukan Kuic

“The Politics of Alain” translated by John M. Dunaway by Yves R. Simon

Leo Strauss and Liberal Education by Walter Nicgorski


Beyond Nihilism: Nietzsche without Masks by Ofelia Schutte by Maureen Feder-Marcus

Dialogue and Dialectic: Eight Hermeneutical Studies on Plato by Hans-Georg Gadamer, translated and with an Introduction by P. Christopher Smith by Richard Velkley

Beyond Objectivism and Relativism: Science, Hermeneutics, and Praxis by Richard J. Bernstein; G.W.F. Hegel: an Introduction to the Science of Wisdom by Stanley Rosen by Will Morrisey

The Artist as a Thinker: From Shakespeare to Joyce by George Anastaplo by Larry Arnhart

Short Notices: Eighty Years of Locke Scholarship: a Bibliographical Guide by Roland Hall & Roger Woolhouse; John Locke’s Moral Philosophy by John Colman by J.E. Parsons, Jr.

Rhetoric and American Statesmanship edited by Glen Thurow & Jeffrey D. Wallin; Power, State, and Freedom: an Interpretation of Spinoza’s Political Philosophy by Douglas J. Den Uyl; John Stuart Mill and the Pursuit of Virtue by Bernard Semmel; Essays in Political Philosophy by J.E. Parsons, Will Morrisey

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Volume 13 Issue 1 (January 1985)

Socrates’ Critique of Hedonism: A Reading of the Philebus by David Bolotin

The Net of Hephaestus: Aristophanes’ Speech in Plato’s Symposium by Arlene W. Saxonhouse

An Interpretation of Plato’s Euthyphro (Part I, Section 4, to end) by Marlo Lewis, Jr.

An Introduction to Hegel’s ‘Introduction’ to the Philosophy of Right by Donald J. Maletz

On Laughter by Joseph J. Carpino

Discussion: De Gaulle as a Political Thinker: On Morrisey’s Reflections on De Gaulle by Angelo M. Codevilla

Reply to Codevilla by Will Morrisey


Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature by Richard Rorty
by Nino Langiulli

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Volume 12 Issues 2 & 3 (May & Sept. 1984)

The Lion and the Ass: A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Chapters 44-50) by Robert Sacks

Justice and Philosophy in Plato’s Republic: The Nature of a Definition by Kent Moors

An Interpretation of Plato’s Euthyphro (Introduction; Part I, Sections 1-3) by Marlo Lewis, Jr.

The Virtù of Women: Machiavelli’s Mandragola and Clizia by Jack D’Amico

Rousseau’s Contract with and without his Inequality by Jim MacAdam

The Denial of Perennial Problems: The Negative Side of Quentin Skinner’s Theory by David Boucher

Libertarianism and Political Philosophy: A Critique of Robert Nozick’s Anarchy, State, and Utopiaby David Schaefer

Discussion: Spiritedness and Ethics and Politics: a Study of Aristotelian Psychology by Laurence Berns

Rational Theologians and Irrational Philosophers: A Straussian Perspective by Ernest Fortin

Walter Benjamin / Gershom Scholem by Stanley Corngold & Michael Jennings

The Political Implications of Heidegger’s Being and Time: on Heidegger’s “Being and Time” and the Possibility of Political Philosophy by Mark Blitz by Charles M. Sherover

Response to Sherover by Mark Blitz


Algeny by Jeremy Rifkin by Will Morrisey

Short Notices: How Democratic is the Constitution? and How Capitalistic is the Constitution? edited by Robert A. Goldwin & William A. Schambra; Statesmanship: Essays in Honor of Sir Winston S. Churchill edited by Harry V. Jaffa; Winston Churchill’s World View by Kenneth W. Thompson; Richard Hooker and the Politics of a Christian England by Robert K. Faulkner; Education and Culture in the Political Thought of Aristotle by Carnes Lord; Machiavelli’s New Modes and Orders: the Discourses on Livy by Harvey C. Mansfield, Jr.; Rousseau’s Social Contract: the Design of the Argument by Hilail Gildin; Rousseau’s State of Nature: the Discourse on Inequality by Marc F. Plattnerby Will Morrisey

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Volume 12 Issue 1 (January 1984)

Gadamer on Strauss: An Interview by Ernest L. Fortin

Hamlet: The Cosmopolitan Prince by Paul A. Cantor

Hegel on the Source of Political Authority by Michael H. Mitias

The Lion and the Ass: A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Chapters 40-43) by Robert Sacks

Discussion: Justice in Translation by Joel B. Lidov

Exploring the Limits of Analytic Philosophy: A Critique of Nozick’s Philosophical Explanations by Nicholas Capaldi


Character Names in Dostoevsky’s Fiction by Charles E. Passage reviewed by Joan Richardson

After Virtue by Alasdair MacIntyre; Nihilism: A Philosophical Essay by Stanley Rosen reviewed by Will Morrisey

Plato’s “Phaedo”: An Interpretation by Kenneth Dorter; Averroës’ Three Short Commentaries on Aristotle’s “Topics,””Rhetoric,” and “Poetics” edited and translated by Charles E. Butterworth; Dissidence et philosophie au moyen age: Dante et ses antécédents by E.L. Fortin.reviewed by Will Morrisey

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Volume 11 Issue 3 (September 1983)

Shakespeare’s Apology for Imitative Poetry: The Tempest and The Republic
by Barbara Tovey

Montesquieu’s Perception of His Audience for the Spirit of the Laws by Anne M. Cohler

Ethics and Politics in the Work of Jürgen Habermas by A. Anthony Smith

The Lion and the Ass: A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Chapters 38 & 39) by Robert Sacks

Discussion: Defending Socrates and Defending Politics: a Response to Stewart Umphrey by Thomas West


Heidegger’s “Being and Time” and the Possibility of Political Philosophy, by Mark Blitz by Michael A. Gillespie

Short Notices: Plato’s “Phaedrus” by Ronna Burger; Aristotle on Political Reasoning by Larry Arnhart; Rousseau’s Emile–Introduction, Translation and Notes by Allan Bloom; Rousseau’s Reveries–Translation, Preface, Notes and Interpretive Essay by Charles E. Butterworth; The Political Philosophy of the Frankfurt School by George Friedmanby Will Morrissey

Index to Interpretation, Volumes 1-10 by Robert L. Stone

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Volume 11 Issue 2 (May 1983)

An Unspoken Theme in Plato’s Gorgias: War by Arlene W. Saxonhouse

The Good Life, Slavery, and Acquisition: Aristotle’s Introduction to Politics by Mary Nichols

Aristotle on Limits and Satisfactions of Political Lifeby Catherine Zuckert

Temporal Royalties and Virtue’s Airy Voice in The Tempest by Timothy Fuller

The Pursuit of Happiness in Jefferson, and its Background in Bacon and Hobbes by Jeffrey Barnouw

The Lion and the Ass: A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Chapters 35-37) by Robert Sacks

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Volume 11 Issue 1 (January 1983)

The Crito as a Mythological Mime by Thomas Payne

The Invocation to the Georgics by Eve Adler

Melville’s “Benito Cereno”: Civilization, Barbarism and Race by William D. Richardson

Marx and Leninby Thomas G. West

The Lion and the Ass: A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Chapters 31-34) by Robert Sacks


Bureaucrats, Policy Analysis, Statesmen, Who Leads? edited by Robert A. Goldwin by Joseph M. Bessette

Masters of International Thought and Morality and Foreign Policy, by Kenneth W. Thompson by Robert F. Smith

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Volume 10 Issues 2 & 3 (May & September 1982)

The Education of a Sophist: Aspects of Plato’s Protagorasby Patrick Coby

Aristotle’s Art of Acquisition and the Conquest of Natureby Warren R. Brown

Notes for a Reading of Augustine, Confessions, Book Xby Thomas Prufer

Machiavelli versus Dante: Language and Politics in the Dialogue on Languageby Larry Peterman

Shakespeare’s Caesar’s Planby David Lowenthal

Economics or Political Philosophy: Which Should Prevail in Public Policy?by J. Harvey Lomax

The Lion and the Ass: A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Chapters 25-30)by Robert Sacks

Discussion: Notes Toward an “Apologia pro vita sua”by George Anastaplo

Eros and Thumosby Stewart Umphrey

Response to Umphreyby David Bolotin

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Volume 10 Issue 1 (January 1982)

The Life of Thomas Hobbes of Malmesbury, translated by J.E. Parsons & Whitney Blair by Thomas Hobbes

The Undercover Hero: Odysseus from Dark to Daylight by Mera J. Flaumenhaft

The Theology of Leviathan: Hobbes on Religion by Richard Sherlock

Pleasure, Power, and Immortality by Joseph J. Carpino

The Lion and the Ass: A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Chapters 21-24) by Robert Sacks

Discussion: Some Thoughts about Eva Brann’s Paradoxes of Education in a Republic by Chaninah Maschler


The Truth of Freedom, by John M. Anderson by Steven Gans

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Volume 9 Issues 2 & 3 (September 1981)

The Rationality of Political Speech: An Interpretation of Aristotle’s Rhetoric 
by Larry Arnhart

Manliness and Friendship in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar 
by Jan H. Blits

The Winter’s Tale: The Triumph of Comedy over Tragedy 
by Mary Nichols

On Bacon’s Advertisement Touching a Holy War 
by Jerry Weinberger

On Sir William Temple’s Political and Philosophical Teaching 
by John Parson’s, Jr.

John Locke: Revolution, Resistance, or Opposition? 
by Susan Power

The Politics of Performance: An Interpretation of Bolingbroke’s Political Theory 
by Barry Cooper

Labor, the State, and Aesthetic Theory in the Writings of Schiller 
by Philip J. Kain

Law as the Basis of the State: Hegel 
by Michael H. Mitias

Dilthey’s Essay The Poetic Imagination: A Poetics of Force 
by Stanley Corngold

Historicism and Statesmanship in the Reform Argument of Woodrow Wilson 
by Kent A. Kirwan

Gadamer and Kant: The Critique of Modern Aesthetic Consciousness in Truth and Method 
by Richard L.Velkley

Bertrand de Jouvenel: Order, Legitimacy, and the Model of Rousseau 
by Robert C. Grady

Rawls and the Harried Mother 
by William R. Marty

Ideology and Reality: The Ideologue’s Persuasion in Modern Politics 
by Jürgen Gebhardt

Science, Morality, and Transnationalism 
by Kenneth W. Thompson

Discussion: The Crisis of Contemporary Political Theory: On Jacobson’s Pride and Solace 
by Peter T. Manicas


The Spirit of Liberalism, by Harvey C. Mansfield, Jr. 
by Patrick Coby

Political Parties in the Eighties, edited by Robert A. Goldwin 
by Will Morrissey

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Volume 9 Issue 1 (August 1980)

The Lion and the Ass: A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Chapters 11-20) 
by Robert Sacks

Aeschylus’ Oresteia and the Origins of Political Life 
by David K. Nichols

On the End of Thucydides’ Narrative 
by John A. Wettergreen

On Halevi’s Kuzari as a Platonic Dialogue 
by Aryeh L. Motzkin

Duncan Forbes’s Hume’s Philosophical Politics 
by R.S. Hill

Harry A. Wolfson as Interpreter of Medieval Thought 
by Aryeh L. Motzkin

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Volume 8 Issues 2 & 3 (May 1980)

In Honor and Memory of Martin Diamond

In Honor and Memory of Martin Diamond

The Writings of Martin Diamond: A Bibliography by William Schambra

The Least Imperfect Government: On Martin Diamond’s “Ethics and Politics” by Marvin Meyers

Comment: The Politics of Martin Diamond’s Science by Thomas J. Scorza

An Excerpt from “Lincoln’s Greatness” by Martin Diamond

Martin Diamond on “Lincoln’s Greatness” by William Schambra

The Lion and the Ass: A Commentary on the Book of Genesis (Chapters 1-10) by Robert Sacks

What is Law: The Minos Reconsidered by Judith Best

Rousseau’s Civil Religion by Charles M. Sherover

Sartre and the Decadents by Edith Hartnett

Zarathustra’s Dancing Song by Laurence Lampert

Aspects of Identity and Alienation by Nathan Rotenstreich

Progressivism and Political Science: The Case of Charles E. Merriam by Glenn N. Schram

Discussion: The Defense of Liberty, Anastaplo’s The Constitutionalist by Glen E. Thurow

Frederick D. Wilhelmsen’s Christianity and Political Philosophy by Joseph J. Carpino

Thomas J. Scorza’s In the Times Before Steamships: Billy Budd, The Limits of Politics and Modernity by Will Morrissey

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Volume 8 Issue 1 (January 1979)

Preface to Hobbes politische Wissenschaft by Leo Strauss

Falstaff in the Valley of the Shadow of Death by Michael Platt

Reason and Obligation in Leviathan by John F. Wilson

An Introduction to Locke’s First Treatise by Michael P. Zuckert

Lordship and Bondage in Luther and Marx by Abraham Rotstem

Tragedy in the State of Nature: Melville’s Typee by Thomas J. Scorza

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Volume 7 Issue 3 (September 1978)

An Unspoken Prologue to a Public Lecture at St. John’s (In Honor of Jacob Klein, 1899-1978) by Leo Strauss

Coriolanus and Aristotle’s Magnanimous Man Reconsidered by John Alvis

The “Linguistic Imperialism” of Lorenzo Valla and the Renaissance Humanists by Lawrence J. Johnson

John Milton and Freedom of Expression by Francis Canavan

Halifax: The Complete Trimmer Revisited by J.E. Parsons, Jr.

Mill’s Concept of Happiness by Fred R. Berger

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Volume 7 Issue 2 (May 1978)

The Offense of Socrates: A Re-reading of Plato’s Apology by Eva Brann

The Prometheus Story in Plato’s Protagoras by Clyde Lee Miller

The Comic Remedy: Machiavelli’s “Mandragola” by Mera J. Flaumenhaft

Volitional Anticipation and Popular Wisdom in Descartes by Richard B. Carter

Alienation and the American Science of Politics by John W. Coffey


Hannah Arendt’s The Life of the Mind by Gerarld J. Galgan reviewed by Will Morrisey, Gerald J. Galgan, Martin Nozick

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Volume 7 Issue 1 (January 1978)

Francis Bacon and the Conquest of Nature by Laurence Berns

Three Concepts of Freedom: Kant-Hegel-Marx by Mieczyslaw Maneli

Notes from Charles Dickens’s Christmas Carol by George Anastaplo

Legality and Illegality as Instruments of Revolutionaries in Their Quest for Power: Remarks Occasioned by the Outlook of Herbert Marcuse by George Schwab

The Seven-Day Story by Chanukah Maschler

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Socratic Politics and Self-Knowledge: An Interpretation of Plato’s Charmides by Christopher Bruell

Nietzsche’s Lament of Ariadne by Karl Reinhardt

The Moral Legitimacy of Governments by Gershon Weiler

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Volume 6 Issue 2 (May 1977)

Nietzsche and Liberation: The Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future by Jensen, Pamela K.

Authority and Freedom: The Democratic Philosophy of Yves R. Simon by Cochran, Clarke E.

Niebuhr’s Conception of Politics in the United States and the World by Thompson, Kenneth W.

The Choice Between Perfectionism and Rawlsian Contractarianism by Nielsen, Kai

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Volume 6 Issue 1 (Fall 1976)

On the Theme of Plato’s Laches by Umphrey, Stewart

An Interpretation of Fortescue’s De Laudibus Legum Angliae by Pollingue, Mary

Three Cosmologies by Carpino, Joseph
Reinhold Niebuhr and Contemporary Political Thought: A Review Article by Schram, Glenn N.

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Volume 5 Issue 3 (Spring 1976)

Revolution and the Formation of Political Soceity in the Social Contractby Gildin, Hilail
Marx’s Critique of Philosophyby Stern, Peter

Winston Churchill on Empire and the Limits of Politicsby Emmert, Kirk

Political Philosophy and the Right to Rebellionby Berns, Laurence

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Volume 5 Issue 2 (Winter 1975)

Leo Strauss: A Biography and Memorial, 1899-1973 by Cropsey, Joseph

A Reading of Sophocles’ Antigone: III by Benardete, Seth

An Introduction to the Reading of Plato’s Laches by Blitz, Mark

Locke’s Theory of Property by Lemos, Ramon M.

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Volume 5 Issue 1 (Summer 1975)

A Reading of Sophocles’ Antigone: II by Benardete, Seth

Montaigne’s Intention and his Rhetoric by Schaefer, David L.

Technology, Philosophy and Political Virtue: The Case of Billy Budd, Sailor by Scorza, Thomas J.

Interpretation by Platt, Michael

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Volume 4 Issue 3 (Spring 1975)

Xenophon’s Anabasis by Strauss, Leo

A Reading of Sophocles’ Antigone: I by Benardete, Seth

Begetting and Belonging in Shakespeare’s Othello by Flaumenhaft, Mera J.

The Law of Nature in the Christian Commonwealth: Hobbes’ Argument for Civil Authority by Grady, Robert C., II

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Volume 4 Issue 2 (Winter 1974)

Homeric Honor and Thucydidean Necessity by Engeman, Thomas S.

Theory and Practice in the Founding of the Republic by Allen, W.B.

Intellectual Biography as a Form of the History of Ideas by Orr, Robert R.

Atheistic Freedom and the International Society for the Suppression of Savage Customs: An Interpretation of Conrad’s Heart of Darkness by Neumann, Harry

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Volume 4 Issue 1 (Winter 1974)

Preliminary Observations of the Gods in Thucydides’ Work
by Strauss, Leo

Rembrandt and the Human Condition
by White, Howard

Nietzsche as Cosmologist: The Idea of the Eternal Recurrence as a Cosmological Doctrine and Some Aspects of its Relation to the Doctrine of the Will to Power
by Combee, Jerry H.

Arnold Toynbee: Nationalism as a “False God”
by Perry, Marvin

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Volume 3 Issues 2 & 3 (Winter 1973)

Note on the Plan of Nietzsche’s Beyond Good and Evil
by Strauss, Leo

The Idea of Death in the Philosophy of Hegel
by Kojève, Alexandre

Remarks on the 1001 Nights
by Mahdi, Muhsin

An Introduction to Dante’s De Monarchia
by Peterman, Larry

Edmund Burke: The Psychology of Citizenship
by Adams, Larry I.

Human Emancipation and Revolution
by Rotenstreich, Nathan

Christian Ambiguity and Social Disorder
by Mead, Walter M.

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Volume 3 Issue 1 (Autumn 1972)

“An Exquisite Platform”: Utopia
by Brann, Eva

Gratitude, Nature and Piety in King Lear
by Berns, Laurence

On the Induction of The Taming of the Shrew
by Caton, Hiram

“And In Its Wake We Followed” The Political Wisdom of Mark Twain
by Zuckert, Catherine and Michael

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Volume 2 Issue 3 (Spring 1972)

About Plato’s Philebus by Klein, Jacob
Editor’s Corrections to originally published article included.

On Corneille’s Horace by Trafton, Dain A.

Tom Sawyer: Hero of Middle America by Jaffa, Harry V.

The Dependence of Fact Upon ‘Value’ by Diamond, Martin

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Volume 2 Issue 2 (Winter 1971)

Pleasure and Reason: Marcuse’s Idea of Freedom by Rhodes, James M.

Freedom as an End of Politics by Sasseen, Robert F.

On La Rochefoucauld: Preliminary Reflections by Parsons, J.E., Jr.

Macbeth and the Tyrannical Man by White, Howard B

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Volume 2 Issue 1 (Summer 1971)

Philosophy as Rigorous Science and Political Philosophy by Strauss, Leo

The Myth of Virgil’s Aeneid by Klein, Jacob

On Plato’s Timaeus and Timaeus’ Science Fiction by Benardete, Seth

Note on the Intention of James Harrington’s Political Art by Wettergreen, John A.

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Volume 1 Issue 2 (Winter 1970)

Bacon’s Wisdom of the Ancients by White, Howard B.

On Descartes’ Discourse on Method by Cropsey, Joseph

The Design of Montesquieu’s Considerations on the Causes of the Greatness of the Romans and Their Decline by Lowenthal, David

Considering Crusoe: Part II by Schrock, Thomas S.

Self and Political Order by Zetterbaum, Marvin

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Volume 1 Issue 1 (Summer 1970)

On the Euthydemus by Strauss, Leo

Hegel, Marx, and Christianity by Kojève, Alexandre

An Interpretation of Plato’s Ion by Bloom, Allan

Macbeth’s Last Words by Benardete, Jose A.

Considering Crusoe: Part I by Schrock, Thomas S.

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